This page contains some lessons learned when configuring my Synology NAS

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Handle Url by Script

modified 21-July-2018 23:37:57

This article is about DSM 6.1.6

To handle a url of the webserver by a PHP dispatcher script you will have to add configurations to the web server. On Synology you are not allows to modify system configuration files, so we have to create a new configuration for each web site.

Identify Guid of each website

First identify the guid of the website(s) you want the script to be active. In a terminal session to the server enter:

vi /etc/nginx/app.d/server.webstation-vhost.conf

In the file you will find an include of site-specific configuration files for each website url, for instance:

server {
    listen      80;
    listen      [::]:80;
    listen      443 ssl;
    listen      [::]:443 ssl;

    include /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/c26ab877-1e0e-4232-94f6-0cf9edd41e6e/user.conf*;

Note that and will be defined as a separate website, with a different guid.

Configure script

For each website add user configuration by opening the text editor:

sudo vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/c26fbf77-1e0e-4232-94f6-0cf9edd41e6e/user.conf

For instance, we specify a script blog.php that is in the subdirectory blog of website, that is stored at /var/services/web/

location ~ ^/blog/content/.*$ {
     deny all;
     return 404;
location ~ ^/blog/.*$ {
        root /var/services/web/;
        try_files $uri /blog/blog.php$is_args$args;
location ~ ^/$ {
        root /var/services/web/;
        try_files $uri /blog/blog.php;

The first section with the 'deny all' and status 404 is to disable direct access to the system files in the /blog/content directory that should only be viewed by the dispatcher script.

To reload the configuration restart the webserver:

sudo synoservicecfg --restart nginx

Enable mail from PHP

modified 15-July-2018 16:32:22

To enable mail in PHP there are two alternatives

  • Enable Synology notifications to enable smtp
  • Install Mail Server

Enable synology notifications to enable smtp

Go to Configuration / Notifications and enable email notifications and specify the smtp server etc.

Then you can send emails from PHP:

$msg = "<style>* {font-family: \"Verdana\"; font-size:11px;}</style>".
            "<h1>Test email</h1><p>Test email</p>";
$headers = "From:\r\n" .
        "Reply-To:\r\n" .
        "MIME-Version: 1.0\r\n".
        "Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1\r\n".
        "X-Mailer: PHP/" . phpversion();
mail("", "Test email", $msg, $headers);

Install Mail Server

Note: I did not manage to get it to work yet

Install MailServer

Configure SMTP and SMTP relay

Log in the the Synology server with terminal

You can send a test email using:

echo "Subject: sendmail test" | sendmail -v

Next create the following files


all with contents:

[mail function]
sendmail_from =
sendmail_path = /var/packages/MailServer/target/sbin/sendmail -t

Next restart webserver: sudo synoservicecfg --restart nginx

Note: I did not manage to get it to work yet